What advantages does adhesive tape have over liquid glue? We have compared them.
Liquid glue or adhesive tape – who wins?

Liquid glue or adhesive tape – who wins?

Everyone has had liquid glue in their hands at some point – and adhesive tape as well. But what are the adhesive properties that make them differ from each other? What advantages does adhesive tape have over liquid glue? We have compared them.

Taping or gluing means connecting two things to each other. But all taping or gluing is not alike. Liquid adhesive must first dry and become hard. Only after it has hardened is there a bond. By contrast, adhesive tape is always sticky, holds from the start and is immediately ready to connect.

What is liquid glue?

Liquid glue differs fundamentally from adhesive tape. The name says it all: it is liquid. One-component adhesives are described as "physically bonding" when they contain solvents on a base of organic chemicals (alcohol, esters, ketones...) or water. Water-based adhesives are also described as "solvent-free", although water is used as a solvent here. The products in this group include, above all, universal glue (multi-purpose glue), paper glue and glue sticks. The second group of liquid adhesives includes reaction glues such as what are known as instant glues and two-component glues (consisting of resin and hardener). Reaction glues mostly have a polyurethane and epoxy base and are solvent-free.

Why does liquid glue stick at all?

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Liquid glue needs to dry until the bond becomes solid

The actual strength of liquid adhesives is only achieved when they have become hard. This is because the actual adhesive is mixed with a solvent so that it does not bond immediately. In the tube, the solvent cannot leak out and the adhesive remains liquid. Only when it is applied to the surface does the solvent evaporate, the adhesive becomes hard and a solid bond is achieved. That can take two seconds or hours.

How fast does adhesive tape hold?

Adhesive tapes are pressure sensitive. That means, it requires “pressure” to ensure bonding.
Adhesive tapes are pressure sensitive. That means, it requires “pressure” to ensure bonding.

On tapes, pressure-sensitive adhesives are used. Such adhesives are always gluey and ready for use. This brings new meaning to the concept of holding fast. As soon as the protective and separating layer is removed and you press the adhesive tape to the surface, it bonds. No chemical reaction or drying time is needed. This is how double-sided adhesive tape holds the emblems on cars, printing plates on printing cylinders or components of the smartphone in place.

Advantages in industrial usage

Adhesive tape is able to unveil its strengths above all in industry. Simple, flexible handling and quick adhesion accelerate the processes and even optimize the end products. Uneven surfaces may be evened out with adhesive tape. The entire process goes very quickly, since there is no drying time as there is with liquid adhesives. It does not give off any hazardous vapours. In addition, adhesive tape is clean. Follow-up work to remove the remains of the adhesive is not necessary.

The bond is also hardly perceptible since adhesive tape can be as thin as you can imagine. This allows for entirely new product designs and combinations of materials. Screws have no space and disrupt the optics in a small area. Welding and rivets destroy the surfaces of materials and create intermittent stress points. Not a problem with an adhesive bond that distributes the forces that arise from impacts or bumps over the entire adhesion surface. Moreover, some materials cannot be combined in any other way than by adhesive tapes or glues: carbon and aluminium, for example, in the car industry. And as opposed to liquid glue, adhesive tape can help balance out different degrees of expansion with distinct materials in heat or cold thanks to special backings and adhesive masses. Pretty solid, wouldn't you say?

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tesa® ACXplus Acrylic Core tape is characterised by a very strong bonding power. Applied loads like wind, snow and the permanent load of bonded components can be accommodated by tesa® ACXplus without problems.
Due to the viscoelastic behaviour of tesa® ACXplus arising stresses can be optimally dissipated and a secure bond is assured. Extreme temperature changes are accommodated even for bonded substrates with different elongation characteristics.
Different weather conditions like rain, snow, penetration by UV light or humidity as well as very low and very high temperatures – a constructive bond has to withstand many external influences. If materials are bonded with traditional mechanical fasteners like screws or rivets, they can be vulnerable to corrosion, which leads to damage and requires costly reconstruction. tesa® adhesive tapes offer a high resistance to temperatures and different weather conditions.
Adhesive tapes offer powerful long-lasting bonds – even on materials with different surface characteristics.
Aluminium on steel, steel on glass, deco glass on fibre composites – dissimilar materials show different elongations when temperatures change. During the life cycle of a component, static and dynamic forces act upon the constructive bond. Stress arises that needs to be dissipated. tesa® adhesive tapes are able to dissipate these.
Compared to adhesive tapes, liquid glues have several disadvantages. Longer drying times are needed and additional cleaning work might be necessary.
Screws, welding and rivets destroy the surfaces of materials and create intermittent stress points.